Cue Sheets and Performing Rights Organisations

Cue Sheets & Performing Rights Organizations (Societies)

Usually, if someone uses music for a production that is to be publicly performed (e.g., a film or production for broadcast on a television network or a radio station, a theatrical release, etc.), filling out a cue sheet is required. A cue sheet is a document that contains a detailed listing of each piece of music used in the production, including the names of all composers and publishers, the type of usage of the music (in the background, as the theme, etc.), the length of the music, and the title of each track. Cue sheets are an "industry standard". You can find a sample cue sheet here: (Sample cue sheet).

The cue sheet is usually prepared by producers and then provided to a broadcaster along with a produced film, video, TV show, etc., so that the broadcaster can report the use of the music (submit a cue sheet) to a performing rights organization ("PRO") every time a project is broadcast. It costs producers nothing.

Performing rights organizations use the details provided on the cue sheets to identify and pay performance royalties to composers. All broadcast companies, as well as any companies that play music in public places (hotels, restaurants, cinemas, airports, theaters, athletic clubs, etc.), pay annual fees to their local performing rights organizations. Then these fees are divided among composers and publishers.

Please note: If a composer is not a member of any performing rights organization, then producers and broadcasters are not required to use cue sheets and report use of the music to a performing rights organization.

You may find the information for your cue sheets in your license document (certificate). You can download the license document in your account at the "Download Center". If you see something like "no PRO affiliation" or see nothing at the right of the composer's name, this means that the composer is not a member of any performing rights organization, the song is free from any performance royalties and you are not required to use and submit a cue sheet for this song.

Performing Rights Organizations Worldwide

Argentina SADAIC
Australia APRA
Austria AKM
Belgium SABAM
Brazil UBC, ECAD
Bulgaria Musicautor
Canada SOCAN
Chile SCD
Colombia SAYCO
Croatia HDS
Czech Republic OSA
Denmark KODA
Estonia EAÜ
Finland TEOSTO
France SACEM
Germany GEMA
Greece AEPI
Hong Kong CASH
Hungary Artisjus
Iceland STEF
India IPRS
IrelandIMRO
Israel ACUM
Italy SIAE
Japan JASRAC
Lithuania LATGA-A
Malaysia MACP
Mexico SACM
Netherlands BUMA
New Zealand APRA
Norway TONO
Poland ZAIKS
Portugal SPA
Russia RAO
Singapore COMPASS
South Africa SAMRO
Spain SGAE
Sweden STIM
Switzerland SUISA
Trinidad & Tobago COTT
Turkey MESAM
United Kingdom PRS
Uruguay AGADU
USA ASCAP, BMI, SESAC